EBC Annex 42 The Simulation of Building-Integrated Fuel Cell and Other Cogeneration Systems (COGEN-SIM)

 

Status: Completed (2003-2007)

Operating Agent: Dr Ian Beausoleil-Morrison,
CANMET Energy Technology Centre, Natural Resources Canada,
580 Booth Street, 13th Floor,
Ottawa, K1A 0E4, Canada.
Tel:+1 613 943 2262
Fax: +1 613 996 9909,
Email: ibeausol@nrcan.gc.ca

Website: http://www.iea-annex54.org/annex42/index.html

This international research project focussed on the modelling of fuel cell and other cogeneration technologies in the built environment.

Its objectives included:

the characterisation of occupant-driven electrical and domestic hot water usage patterns,the development and validation of models of fuel cell and cogeneration technologiesthe integration of these models into existing, publicly available whole-building simulation programs, andthe technical, environmental and economic assessment of selected cogeneration applications using the models developed within the project

The project addressed its goals by developing and incorporating cogeneration models within whole-building simulation programs. Emphasis was placed on fuel cell cogeneration systems and technologies suitable for use in new and existing single- and low-rise multi-family residential dwellings. The models were developed at a resolution appropriate for whole-building simulation operating at sub-hourly time-steps.

The overall goal of the project was to develop simulation methods that advance the design, operation, and analysis of residential cogeneration systems.

The project was organised into three research areas:

Characterization of cogeneration systems and occupant-driven electrical and domestic hot water usage patternsDevelopment, implementation and validation of cogeneration system models in building simulation programsTechnical, environmental and economic assessment of selected cogeneration applications using the developed models

Participants: Belgium, Canada, Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway,Switzerland, United Kingdom, USA,

Publications

Annex 42 Final Report
An Experimental and Simulation-Based Investigation of the Performance of Small-Scale Fuel Cell
and Combustion-Based Cogeneration Devices Serving Residential Buildings
Edited by Ian Beausoleil-Morrison
2008, ISBN 978-0-662-47924-6, HMQRC   Download

Characterisation of cogeneration systems and occupant driven electrical and domestic hot water usage patterns

Residential Cogeneration Systems: A Review of the Current Technologies
Edited by Ian Knight and Ismet Ugursal
2005, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-40482-3   Download

European and Canadian non-HVAC Electric and DHW Load Profiles for Use in Simulating the Performance of Residential Cogeneration Systems
Edited by Ian Knight and Hajo Ribberink
2007, ISBN 978-0-662-46221-7   Download

Development, implementation and validation of cogeneration system models in building simulation programs

Specifications for Modelling Fuel Cell and Combustion-Based Residential Cogeneration Devices within Whole-Building Simulation Programs
Edited by Nick Kelly and Ian Beausoleil-Morrison
2007, ISBN 978-0-662-47116-5   Download

Experimental Investigation of Residential Cogeneration Devices and Calibration of Annex 42 Models
Edited by Ian Beausoleil-Morrison
2007, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-47523-1   Download

Inter-Model Comparative Testing and Empirical Validation of Annex 42 Models for Residential Cogeneration Devices
Edited by Ian Beausoleil-Morrison and Alex Ferguson
2007, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-47562-0   Download

Demonstrative technical, environmental and economic assessment of selected cogeneration applications using the developed models

Review of Existing Residential Cogeneration Systems Performance Assessments and Evaluations
Viktor Dorer
2007, ISBN 978-0-662-46950-6   Download

Methodologies for the Performance Assessment of Residential Cogeneration Systems
Viktor Dorer and Andreas Weber
2007, ISBN 978-0-662-46951-3   Download

Performance Assessment of Residential Cogeneration Systems in Switzerland
Viktor Dorer and Andreas Weber
2008, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-47718-1   Download

Performance Assessment of Prototype Residential Cogeneration Systems in Single Detached Houses in Canada
Hajo Ribberink, Maria Mottillo, Denis Bourgeois
2008, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-47618-4   Download

Performance of Residential Cogeneration Systems in Germany
By Ulli Arndt, Wolfgang Mauch, Helmuth Muhlbacher, Peter Tzscheutschler, Bernd Geiger
2008, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-48048-8   Download

Performance Assessment of Residential Cogeneration Systems in Different Italian Climatic Zones
By Biagio Di Pietra
2007, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-48192-8   Download

Performance Assessment of Residential Cogeneration Systems in Southern Italy
By Maurizio Sasso, Carlo Roselli, Sergio Sibilio, Raffaello Possidente
2008, HMQR Canada, ISBN 978-0-662-48049-5   Download

Data Files

The following data files created for "Characterisation of cogeneration systems and occupant driven electrical and domestic hot water usage patterns" are available for download:

Domestic Hot Water Profiles

IEA Annex 42 Domestic hot water profiles (ASCII format):
(DHW WSA Annex 42.zip)
Annex 42 used the domestic hot water load generator developed by Annex 26 to produce domestic hot water profiles for residential housing, which are contained in ASCII format in this file.
Download

Final Annex 42 Domestic Hot Water Profiles (Excel format):
(Annex 42 DHW profiles - 1, 5 and 15 minute data by month FINAL.zip)
Annex 42 used the domestic hot water load generator developed by Annex 26 to produce domestic hot water profiles for residential housing. The profiles in this file are identical to the ones above, but now contained in EXCEL format.   Download

Electric Load Profiles

Canadian Occupant-driven Electrical Load Profiles (ESP-r format):
(Can-Elec-Load-Profiles.zip)
This file contains a set of nine generated electrical load profiles and a set of seven measured electrical load profiles for single detached houses in Canada.
The synthetic profiles were created using the NRC profile generator and have a 5-minute time basis. The set contains profiles representing families with a high, medium, and low electricity consumption.
Seven measured electrical load profiles were also created using measured data from detached houses that were gathered by Hydro Quebec from Jan 1994 - Sep 1996. The data values represent the average non-HVAC electric draw of the house (in Watts) over 15 minute periods.
All profiles are contained in .fcl files for direct use with ESP-r. The profiles are also available in EXCEL format (see below).   Download

Generated Canadian Occupant-driven Electrical Load Profiles (EXCEL format, high electricity consumption):
(Canadian Electrical Profiles_Excel Format_high.zip)
This file contains a set of three generated electrical load profiles, which were created using the NRC profile generator and have a 5-minute time basis.
This set of profiles represents a household with a high electricity consumption and is stored in EXCEL format.   Download

Generated Canadian Occupant-driven Electrical Load Profiles (EXCEL format, average electricity consumption):
(Canadian Electrical Profiles_Excel Format_avg.zip)
This file contains a set of three generated electrical load profiles, which were created using the NRC profile generator and have a 5-minute time basis.
This set of profiles represents a household with an average electricity consumption and is stored in EXCEL format.   Download

Generated Canadian Occupant-driven Electrical Load Profiles (EXCEL format, low electricity consumption):
(Canadian Electrical Profiles_Excel Format_low.zip)
This file contains a set of three generated electrical load profiles, which were created using the NRC profile generator and have a 5-minute time basis.
This set of profiles represents a household with a low electricity consumption and is stored in EXCEL format.   Download

Measured Canadian Occupant-driven Electrical Load Profiles (EXCEL format):
(Canadian_Measured_Elec_Load_Profiles.zip)
Seven measured electrical load profiles were created using measured data from detached houses that were gathered by Hydro Quebec from Jan 1994 - Sep 1996. The data values represent the average non-HVAC electric draw of the house (in Watts) over 15 minute periods and are stored in Excel format.   Download

Three-Second Daily Demand Data, Part 1:
(IEA 3 Second Daily Demand 2_4_05_to_2_14_05 part 1.zip)
These data were recoreded at three-second intervals, and describe the whole-house electrical usage of a six-person, single family residence in Irvine, California, USA.   Download

Three-Second Daily Demand Data, Part 2:
(IEA 3 Second Daily Demand 2_4_05_to_2_14_05 part 2.zip)
This file contains the second part of the electrical data recoreded at three-second intervals of a whole-house electrical usage of a six-person, single family residence in Irvine, California, USA.   Download

Specific European Electrical Profiles:
(European Electrical Specifc Profiles - Annex 42 September 2006.zip)
The three files presented here represent the actual electricity consumption profiles recorded for three dwellings which we consider to be most representative of low, medium and high electric energy consumption amongst the sample of buildings monitored. The profiles cover a full year of average power consumption over 5 minute time intervals in two flats in Newcastle (England) and one town house in Llanelli (Wales). These profiles are presented as being the best current option to represent 'standard' European domestic profiles based on the data available to the Annex.   Download

Standard European Electrical Profiles:
(European Electrical Standard Profiles - Annex 42 September 2006.zip)
The average electricity consumption of 69 houses in the UK is presented here in the electricity draw profiles for characteristic days for each season (winter, summer, and shoulder season) for both the weekday and weekend situation. The daily profiles are composed of the average consumption per 5 minute time slots over a month in the specifc season. An annual profile based upon the characteristic daily profiles is also included.   Download